Chatur Vedamulu - 4 Vedas
The four Vedas are the ancient most scriptures of India and are considered the pillars of Hinduism. Apart from the religious rituals and philosophic doctrines, they also contain many hidden secret instructions in coded format, which are carefully guarded secrets known only to a few. For example the verses of Sri Rudram (chapter 16 & chapter 18 of Yajur Veda) contain coded instructions for preparing various Ayurvedic medicines.
Even today there are a lot of traditional Hindus who recite and practice the Vedas as they were practiced thousands of years ago. Hinduism is deeply indebted to them for keeping our tradition alive.
Rig Vedam or Rig Veda
Rigveda is compound of RG “praise, verse” and VEDA “Knowledge”. It is a very old Indian holy collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. The language of Rigveda has in old Indo-European style.
It is counted among the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rigveda contains several mythological and poetical accounts of the origin of the world, hymns praising the gods and earliest prayers for life and etc.
Rigveda is a Veda in form of Sukti’s, a Sukta is a collection of very beautifully composed incantations, which mean Rigveda is a beautiful statement
Rigveda Comprises of 10 Mandals, 102 Suktas and containing 10,552 mantras. These manthras are filed with good thoughts, they have the capability to motivate us greatly and the aim of these manthras is to purify human mind through knowledge.
The Rig Veda is divided into 2 parts those are
- Mandal, Anuvak and Sukta
- Ashtak, Adhgaya and Sukta
Yajurvedam or Yajurveda or Yajur Veda
Humans are inspired to translate good thoughts into action. Yajurveda inspire humans to walk on the path of Karma. That is why it is also called as Karma-Veda. The spirit of the Yajurveda lies in those mantras that inspire people to initiate action.
Samavedam or Sama Veda
Sama Veda is combinations of Sama melody and Veda knowledge. It is entirely a liturgical set of melodies. The hymns in the Sama Veda used as musical notes. Those musical notes were almost fully strained from the Rig Veda and have no characteristic lessons of their own. Sama Veda’s text is a reduced version of Rig Veda.
One of the vedic scholar David Frawley said in a statement about the relation of rig veda and sama veda are:
- When you fell rig veda is word, then sama veda is a meaning or a song.
- When you consider rig veda is knowledge, then sama veda is its realization.
- When you treat rig veda is wife, then sama veda become her husband.
Atharvana Vedam or Atharva Veda
Atharv Veda is last in the list of Vedas but it is different from the first three Vedas. In the view to history and sociology Atharv Veda is next in importance to Rigveda.
A different spirit pervades this Veda. Atharv Veda hymns are of a more diverse Character than the Rigveda. Its hymns are also in simpler language.
In fact, many scholars do not consider it part of the Vedas at all. The Atharv Veda consists of spells and charms prevalent at its time, and portrays a clearer picture of the Vedic society.